A Review of the Three Stages Of Reactions in The Calvin Cycle
The Calvin Cycle refers to a series of biochemical processes that plants undergo during photosynthesis. Because it includes three carbon molecules, the cycle is sometimes called the C3 or dark cycle. When carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere, it is converted into a three-carbon compound. There are three major stages to this process: carbon fixation, reduction and regeneration. Photosynthesis requires each step to be successful. These stages have been well studied over decades (Herai and colleagues, 2016; Miao, et. al. 2021). The first stage of carbon fixation is when carbon dioxide becomes a 3-carbon compound. The enzyme RuBisCO reacts with light to accomplish this. RuBisCO makes use of the light’s energy to trigger the reaction. This is the stage where the 3-carbon compounds are used. The third stage, reduction, involves the transformation of the 3-carbon compounds into a carbohydrate such as glucose. Third, the regeneration stage results in the formation of a five-carbon compound. The 5-carbon compound regenerates the 3-carbon compounds so that the cycle can be restarted (Herai and al. 2016, Chen et. al.,2021). Cont….