Doxepin Features Functional Groups
Doxepin can be used as a tricyclic, antidepressant drug to manage depression, anxiety, insomnia, and other conditions. This drug alters the levels of brain chemicals, including serotonin or norepinephrine. Doxepin can be described as a synthetic compound with a variety of functional groups. These functional groups are responsible for the drug’s unique pharmacological properties and help to explain how it works (Horváth & Bíró, 2018). Doxepin contains three important functional groups: an amine, an amide, an aromatic, and a dibenzoxepin. A nitrogen atom is bonded with two hydrocarbon substitutes to give the amine group its basic nature. The amide group, which consists of a nitrogen atom linked to a carbonyl group, is responsible for the drug’s biochemical activity. An aromatic ring is a six-carbon atom-bonded ring that has alternating single and double bonds. It makes the molecule less reactive and more stable. The dibenzoxepin rings are made up of six members carbon-oxygen bridges and two benzene rings (Goyal, et al. 2019). This ring structure is thought to be the main component responsible for doxepin’s pharmacological effects.