Adenosine Triphosphate: The Building Blocks of Nucleic acids
The essential nucleic acids play a crucial role in all aspects of life. They are vital for the development and growth of all living organisms. The four constituents of nucleic acid are adenine, guanine cytosine and thymine. Adenosine Triphosphate is also called ATP. It’s the building block of nucleic Acids. ATP, a nucleotide that consists of a base (adenine), a 5-carbon sugar (ribose) and three phosphate group. This is an energy-carrying molecular that powers the cells’ reactions. These reactions wouldn’t be possible without ATP (Dhiman 2019,). There are two methods to produce ATP. It is first produced by cellular respiration within the cells’ mitochondria. It involves the reduction of glucose and other molecules in order to produce energy. It is also produced by photosynthesis, which occurs in plants. It occurs when the sun absorbs chlorophyll. This is used to transform carbon dioxide into water and sugars. These molecules are then converted into ATP (Bolaños and Goñi, 2020).