Transcription and translation
Transcription and translation are two processes used within the discipline of molecular biology. Transcription is the method of remodeling genetic data encoded in DNA into an RNA molecule. Translation is the method of translating the genetic code encoded in an RNA molecule into an amino acid sequence. Each processes are important for the manufacturing of proteins within the physique. Though these two processes are very comparable, they’ve distinct variations. Transcription and translation share the frequent function of transferring genetic data from one type to a different. Within the case of transcription, the genetic code encoded in DNA is copied and reworked into an RNA molecule. Throughout translation, the genetic code saved in an RNA molecule is decoded and used to supply a polypeptide chain of amino acids. Each processes depend on the identical set of codons and the identical set of switch RNAs (tRNAs). Regardless of their similarities, there are a number of variations between transcription and translation. Transcription solely entails the manufacturing of an RNA molecule, whereas translation entails the manufacturing of a polypeptide. Transcription entails using the enzyme RNA polymerase, whereas translation depends on the ribosome because the catalyst for the method. Moreover, transcription doesn’t require power enter, however translation does require power enter within the type of ATP (Quintero et al., 2016; Li et al., 2021). Cont….