“Approaches to deciding right from wrong tend to fall into one of two large groups: deontological and consequentialist.” a) Give one unquestionable example from each of these groups and explain it. b) Apply each of the two examples you choose, to the issue of how animals, at higher levels and at lower levels on the Sociozoological Scale (Arluk & Sanders), ought to be treated. Deontological and Consequentialist Approaches to Animal Treatment

Consequentialist, Deontological and Consequentialist Methods of Animal Treatment 

Two major approaches to deciding right from wrong are the Consequentialist and Deontological. The deontological approach holds that an action’s rightness or error is decided by it itself rather than its consequences. Kant’s Categorical Imperative (Kant 2016) is one example of deontological approaches. This maxim states that one should act only in accordance with that maxim which you are able to simultaneously make it a universal law. It means one must act so that the same actions can be applied to everyone regardless of their consequences. On the other side, consequentialist approaches determine whether an action is moral based on how it ends. A good example of a consequenceist approach to morality is utilitarianism. This is the belief that you should do what is most beneficial for all people (Mill 2018). It means that morality is determined by the most benefit to the majority of people. Cont…

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