The Fundamental Nature of Amines
The class of organic compound known to give rise to a basic solution in water is called amines. They are composed of nitrogen and hydrogen atoms, which bond together to form a molecular with a positive charge. (Fischer 2019, 2019). The reason is that the nitrogen atom draws electrons from hydrogen atoms and creates a positive charge in the whole molecule. This positive charge then causes the molecule to attract water molecules through hydrogen bonding, leading to the formation of hydroxide ions in the solution (Kumar & Tripathi, 2018). The solution’s pH is then increased, which results in a more basic solution. Because amines can be used as bases in many chemical reactions, they are essential in organic and inorganic Chemistry. Fischer, 2019. For instance, an amine can be used as a nucleophile in substitution reactions. This allows it to substitute for an atom, group, or atom in a molecular structure (Fischer 2019). They can also be used to catalyze a variety of organic reactions, including the formation of amides, alcohols, and other organic compounds (Kumar & Tripathi, 2018).