1. It took thousands of years for the human population to reach 1 billion, but only about 130 years to reach 2 billion. What are the main reasons for this change in growth rate? (2 marks) 2. Investigate how the education of females has contributed to lower birth rates in developing countries. Present your findings, with examples, in a half page report. You may wish to use graphs or charts to help explain your point of view. (5 marks). The Rapid Increase in Global Population: Causes and Effects

Rapid Global Population Growth: Causes and Significance

In the modern era, the world’s population has seen a drastic increase in growth. Although it took many thousands of years to achieve 1 billion people, the number reached 2 billion in just 130 years (Lutz and co., 2016). There are a few factors that have contributed to this rapid growth. The first is the contribution of medical technologies to increasing population. Introduction of vaccines and antibiotics has led to a significant decrease in mortality, which allows people to live longer (Lutz, et al. 2016). Furthermore, improved maternal and infant health have led to decreased infant mortality rates and an increase in population (Lutz, et al. 2016). Second, technological advances have enabled increased agricultural production as well as improved food access. In turn, this has allowed for higher growth in population due to better nutrition and lower. Cont…

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